Treatment strategies could also be recommended for patients with carcinoma (hepatocellular carcinoma), biliary (bile duct) cancer (cholangiocarcinoma), or other affiliated cancers of the gallbladder and enclosing organs, supported the actual medical condition. Alternative therapies are typically determined by the cancer stage, the severity of metastasis (the spread of cancer towards other organs), and the patient’s physical well-being. Various hepatobiliary treatment formulations, like surgery, tumor ablation, chemotherapy, targeted cancer therapy, and your clinical oncologist could also advise radiotherapy for liver cancer treatment in Singapore.
- Procedure for Hepatobiliary Cancer: Surgery
A liver transplant may be an operation that involves removing the liver and replacing it with a healthy, donated liver. Transplant surgery should be considered if the cancer is contained within the liver. Anti-rejection medications (immunosuppressants) are accustomed to preventing organ rejection following liver transplantation.
- actinotherapy for Hepatobiliary Cancer
In irradiation, high-energy rays are accustomed to destroying cancer cells and forestall them from growing. External radiotherapy uses a machine outside the body to direct radiation toward cancer cells. This sort of treatment isn’t commonly wont to treat carcinoma because the liver cannot tolerate high doses of radiation.
- Chemotherapy for Hepatobiliary Cancer
It uses anti-cancer drugs to kill carcinoma cells and stop them from growing. Chemotherapy also can help control symptoms by shrinking cancer or slowing its growth. The drugs are usually injections into veins, although they’ll even be given tablets.
- Targeted Therapy for Hepatobiliary Cancer
Drugs prevent the expansion and spread of cancer by interfering with specific molecules involved in cancer development. This drug targets liver, gallbladder, or bile-duct cancer cells by stopping them from growing their blood vessels. Since cancer cells need a blood supply to receive nutrients and oxygen, this might limit the cancerous cell’s ability to grow.
- Tumour removal for Hepatobiliary Cancer
Tumour ablation could be a specific regimen that destroys primary carcinoma cells using either heat or alcohol. Radio Frequency Ablation (RFA) and Percutaneous Ethanol Injection (PEI) are the foremost commonly used treatments. A neighborhood anesthetic is given to patients before the procedure to alleviate pain.
Is there any risk of complications from hepatobiliary cancer treatment?
Pain could be a common side effect of surgery; however, the discomfort will be managed with medication and anesthesia. The side effects of chemotherapy commonly include the following: Nausea and vomiting. Radiotherapy can cause nausea and vomiting, diarrhea, fatigue, hair loss, and skin changes. Nausea and vomiting, diarrhea, constipation, swelling of the hands and feet, rash and other skin changes, and vision problems are all possible side effects of targeted therapy.