Diabetes is an illness in which a person’s body is either not able to produce adequate amount of insulin or if the insulin is produced the body is not able to respond to it leading to a high level of sugar in the blood. The elevated level of blood sugar leads to an increase in thirst and hunger as well as increase in frequency of urination. It is a disease which is generally triggered by sedentary lifestyles brought on by excessive body weight, very less physical exercise, and increase image. It is also known as Diabetes Mellitus or DM which is basically of three types.
The first type or DM1 is caused when the body is unable to produce insulin. It can affect both children as well as adults. But it is more frequently found to be developed in children. Hence it’s also known as ‘juvenile diabetes.
The second type or DM2 is caused when the cells in the body are not able to adequately use the insulin. It generally occurs with adults.
The third type or gestational diabetes is one where women develop high levels of blood sugar during their pregnancy period. It occurs in 2%-5% of pregnant women on an average and mostly gets cured after the delivery of the child.
Diabetes of any type can be treated with insulin which is accessible since 1921. Type 2 diabetes is controllable with the help of medicines. Type 1 as well as type 2 diabetes is cannot be cured.
Gestational diabetes generally gets cured post delivery. In today’s times, a population of around 346 million suffer from type 2 diabetes.
Complications of diabetes can be both short term as well as long term. Some of the short term complications may include ketacidosis, hypoglycaemia or low level of blood sugar and hyperosmolar syndrome. Long term complications may include heart related diseases, hypertension, nerve damage or neuropathy, eye related diseases, problems in kidney, nerve damage in the stomach, urological as well as sexual disorders. If treated timely, these complications can be largely prevented.
However research has been done to find natural cure of diabetes. It was found that more than five hundred varieties of herbs can be used for the treatment of diabetes. Some of these herbs include fig leaves, cinnamon, grape seed extract, bitter melon, black seed, fenugreek, olive oil, jambolan, apple and avocado. Also a daily dose of 100 to 600 mg of Vitamin C brings the level of blood sugar to normal. However the effect of these herbal remedies may differ from person to person.